Git is sometimes rough around the edges, but fortunately it’s not too difficult to customize and make more user-friendly. The other day I spent some time experimenting with git log and crafting a new git smartlog alias.

As much as Greg Heo would like you to believe that I miss using Mercurial, I don’t. 😉 I used hg for two years while working at Instagram/Facebook and was happy to return to git as my primary source control management tool. I prefer Git’s model and workflow, but that’s a discussion for another post. Anyway, there is one thing I do miss about hg — the smartlog extension. You can find this an other Mercurial extensions by Facebook here.

hg smartlog displays the graph of commits that are relevant to you, and highlights your current commit in purple.

I wanted this (or something similar) in Git. The closest thing out-of-the-box is git log, but it’s rather unusable on its own. By default, it lists all commits with the full commit message, along with metadata like date and author. If you want the full history, this works. But rarely does one want this level of verbosity when needing to quickly check recent history or when trying find a specific commit. Give it a try. Run git log in one of your repos.

Creating an alias

Creating Git aliases (or shortcuts) is easy. For example, git config --global alias.co checkout sets co as an alias for checkout. After setting this, running git co is the same as the more verbose git checkout. Note that even with an alias set, both commands will still work.

Customizing git log

As you can read in the docs for git-log, there are a ton of options to pass to log, including an overwhelming amount of “pretty format” options. There’s a more digestible, high-level overview in section 2.3 of the Git book. After experimenting with these various options, here’s what I came up with:

$ git log --graph --pretty=format:'commit: %C(bold red)%h%Creset %C(red)<%H>%Creset %C(bold magenta)%d %Creset%ndate: %C(bold yellow)%cd %Creset%C(yellow)%cr%Creset%nauthor: %C(bold blue)%an%Creset %C(blue)<%ae>%Creset%n%C(cyan)%s%n%Creset'

Obviously, it is impossible to type this every time you want to run log. So you can set an alias called “smartlog”. You can also find a gist here.

$ git config --global alias.smartlog "log --graph --pretty=format:'commit: %C(bold red)%h%Creset %C(red)<%H>%Creset %C(bold magenta)%d %Creset%ndate: %C(bold yellow)%cd %Creset%C(yellow)%cr%Creset%nauthor: %C(bold blue)%an%Creset %C(blue)<%ae>%Creset%n%C(cyan)%s%n%Creset'"

Here’s a comparison (using IGListKit) between the default git log (left) and this new git smartlog (right):

git-smartlog

The default log displays the commit hash, author, date, and full commit message. The result is barely seeing just two commits. By contrast, smartlog displays the 10 most recent commits. Let’s breakdown what’s happening how it corresponds to the options passed to --pretty=format:. The first line contains the abbreviated commit hash (%h) in bold, followed by the full commit hash (%H). If available, ref names (e.g. branches, tags, etc.) (%d) come after the commit. The second line displays the RFC2822 style date (%cd) followed by a relative date (e.g. “2 days ago”) (%cr). Next is the author name (%an) and email (%ae). Finally, there’s the commit subject (%s). Interspersed in --pretty=format: are color settings, for example %C(red) sets the color to red and %Creset resets to the default terminal color. And %n inserts a newline.

You’ve probably noticed that this doesn’t exactly match the behavior of hg smartlog, which shows only your commits. You can fix that by specifying an author, git smartlog --author='Jesse Squires'. You can specify anyone on your team, which could also be useful. That command is rather long, so you can set another alias.

$ git config --global alias.me '!git smartlog --author=Jesse Squires'
# usage: git me

Notice that you can reference your previous alias (smartlog) within this one. You can use the same technique to abbreviate smartlog to sl. Yes, you can set aliases for your aliases.

$ git config --global alias.sl '!git smartlog'
# usage: git sl

Other useful aliases for Git

Here are a few more aliases that I find useful. Some are simply “shortcuts” for existing commands (like st for status) while others provide more a user-friendly interface for somewhat obscure commands (like uncommit).

alias.co=checkout
alias.br=branch
alias.cm=commit
alias.st=status
alias.unstage=reset HEAD --
alias.uncommit=reset --soft HEAD^
alias.purge=clean -fd
alias.dif=diff
alias.pick=cherry-pick

Git aliases are pretty powerful and super useful to increase your productivity. Not to mention, they help smooth out Git’s rough edges.